The measures are expressed as multiples of the minor element.

The measures are expressed as parts of the major whole.

The sum of the 2 smallest of 4 consecutive measures equals the largest.

Minor element + major element = major piece

Minor element : major element

3:4

The difference between the 2 largest of 6 consecutive measures equals the smallest. Thus the difference between the major and minor whole lies two places before the minor part.

Major whole – minor whole = minor piece

The difference between the 2 largest of six consecutive measures equals the smallest. Thus the difference between the major and minor part lies 2 places before the minor piece.

Major part – minor part = minor element